A self-reliant local economy requires that local people manage natural resources to optimize their utility and rational distribution. PROUT advocates local control of natural resources in order to improve conservation and restore the balance between the requirements of the human population and other species. This section provides information for managing these valuable resources.
General Environmental 
Trees and Plants 
Natural Hazards

General Environmental

Environlink Library
The most comprehensive resource of environmental information available on the Internet. The information is organized under the subject categories of Earth, Air, Fire, Water, and Flora and Fauna. Contains links to websites, publications, things to do, etc.

This site provides leads to information on key environmental issues and resources: Acid Rain • Animal Rights • Biodiversity • Climate • Endangered Species • Environmental Education • Environmental Justice & Environmental Racism • Environmental Law • Forests • Toxics, Hazards & Wastes (including Pesticides) • Water, Seas, Oceans, and Rivers • Wildlife • and more.

Selected International Environmental Agreements
The most significant international treatise and protocols that regulate human impact on the natural environment are described here. Descriptions provide the name of the agreement, when it was opened for signatures, when it went into force and what nations support it.


Impact of the Projected Depletion of the Ozone Layer
Life on Earth depends in part on a thin shell of gaseous ozone that stretches from about 10 to 25 miles above our heads, encompassing the planet like an invisible, protective shield. The ozone layer is the main barrier between us and the hazardous ultraviolet radiation that streams toward the Earth, day in and day out, from the burning surface of the Sun. Recent human activity is destroying the ozone layer with negative consequences for human, animal and plant life. The site contains an article by a noted biophysicist who serves on the committee of the United Nations Environmental Program that monitors the effects of ozone depletion. It gives a sobering overview of the situation. Also contains a bibliography for additional reading.

Ozone Depletion Glossary
In order to understand ozone depletion, it is important to understand the terms and acronyms. This site gives you the word on aerosol, chlorofluorocarbon (CFC), the Montreal Protocol, and all those deadly little chemicals you were wondering about.

Corporate Culprits
The signing of the Montreal Protocol by 139 nations has gone a long way to solving the ozone crisis. True or False? False according to John Passacantando and Andre Carothers of Ozone Action, a non-governmental organization that monitors the ozone issue. They contend that hidden beneath the facade of our united international effort on ozone protection is a far less comforting tale. The "ozone industry," an international coalition of chemical manufacturers, has not been idle during all this. On the contrary, by alternatively downplaying the threat, proposing "alternatives" and then declaring the crisis solved, the industry has been able to dominate the entire history of the idea of ozone depletion. The result is a world that is secure for chemical manufacturers, temporarily safe for purveyors of automobile air-conditioners and refrigerators, and dangerously unsure for life on the planet.

Ozone Action programs and resources
If you want to know what Ozone Action is about, this is their web site. It contains Ozone Action Press Releases • Ozone Action News • Articles • Legal Symposium • Activist Conference.


Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards
The Environmental Protection Agency's Premier Technical Web site for Information Transfer and
Sharing Related to AIR POLLUTION Topics.

Air Quality Glossary
Contains all the terms and acronyms you need to enter the debate and get to work on clean air issues. Lots of pointers to additional resources.

EcoNet Atmosphere and Climate Resources
Links to information on climate policy, climate reseach, acid rain, air quality and ozone depletion.

Resources for those involved in pollution prevention. A forum for all levels of government, researchers, industry and public interest groups. Links to Business Sector Search • Pollution Prevention Roundtable • Industry Content Guides • Partners for the Environment • EPA Sector Notebooks • American Institute for Pollution Prevention. Includes information on solvent alternatives. A site for technical problem solving.


Water Quality Information Center
Access to the Department of Agriculture's store of information on water and agriculture.

USGS Water Resources
National water conditions, water data, publications and products, programs, data on water resources in each state, question about water and more.

Glossary of Water Resource Terms
Interested in water issues? This site helps you to know what you are talking about.

Ground Water: The Hidden Resource
Ground water is found in spaces between soil particles and rocks, and within cracks of the bedrock. Some ground water can be found beneath the land surface in most of the United States. Because of its availability and general good quality, ground water is widely used for household needs and other purposes. Ground water is often taken for granted, but recent circumstances indicate that it is seriously vulnerable to pollution and depletion. This article by J.E. Watson, an Extension Water Quality Specialist, tells the story and offers what to do about it.

Water Use in the United States
These pages have information on surface-water data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey. Includes guidelines for estimating water use data and a handbok for collecting water use data.

WWW Virtual Library: Irrigation
The Virtual Library IRRIGATION and HYDROLOGY provides links to servers and sites holding informatin relevant to irrigation and hydrology. Pointers to: Irrigation NEWS, Congresses, Conferences • Irrigation Discussion Lists • Irrigation and Water Experts • Irrigation Different Subjects • Irrigation Systems • Irrigation Statistics • Irrigation / Hydraulic Engineering • Irrigation Standards • Irrigation Management • Irrigation / Hydraulic Modeling • Irrigation & Hydrology Software (NEW) • Irrigation / Hydraulic Research • Irrigation and Drainage • Irrigation and Salinity • Irrigation Agronomy • Irrigation and Drought Management • Irrigation and Soil-Water Relationship • Irrigation Organizations and Institutes • Irrigation Projects • Irrigation Companies / Equipment • Water Resources and Research • Hydrology.

Water Wiser: The Water Efficiency Clearinghouse
Publications • Water related links • 1997 Residential Water Use Summary References • and more


USGS Land Data
This is the place to begin research on your bioregion or watershed, or find out how many farmers are in the nearest thirteen counties. You may need a good map of your area. This is the place to go. Resources include: Digital Thematic Maps • Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) • Global Change Research Program • Global Land Information System (GLIS) • Land in Agriculture in Counties from 1987 Census of Agriculture • Land Use and Land Cover Digital Data • National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program • National Geologic Map Database • National Mapping Programs and Activities • Spatial Data in GIS Format of Agricultural Chemical Use, Land Use, and Cropping Practices • USGS Signs Innovative Partnership with Land Information • more.

The U.N. Convention to Combat Desertification: Dispelling Misconceptions, Building a Case
This article by Earth Action provides information on the human destruction of land on the global level. Of the world's 5.2 billion hectares of useful dry land, 69%, an area that represents one quarter of the earth's land surface, has already suffered erosion and soil degradation. Africa, where two thirds of the land is dry land, has suffered most. Nearly half the continent has already been affected. Many areas of Asia and Latin America are also hard-hit, as well as parts of Southern Europe and North America. In addition to the enormous human and environmental costs of this problem, the world is losing $42 billion in yearly agricultural potential. The problem is particularly troublesome in light of projected population growth which will be dependent upon the land for growing food.

New Politics
The problem of land abuse is not unique to third world countries. This site contains an article by Carl Pope, Executive Director of the Sierra Club about a movement by state governments to absolve corporations from social responsibility in respect to land usage. He calls this “a new politics”. This politics, he says “speaks of property rights, but it means by property rights something new, not something traditional. It means the end of both human and natural communities. It would abandon the entire web of public obligations undertaken by those who own land, obligations that we call the public trust. It substitutes for that traditional idea the concept that each landowner is a sovereign state, immune from regulation and obligation to his neighbors. This new politics would allow every landowner virtually to secede from the union.

Public Lands Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Our government controls millions of acres of land in the public interest, but is the public interest being protected? This site addresses key questions such as: 1.What are public lands? 2.Why do we need so many? 3.What does Congress plan to do with them? 4. Is business behind plans to get rid of them? 5.Could we significantly reduce the national debt by selling them? 6.What about jobs? 7.Shouldn't state governments own the lands within their borders? 8.What can I do?

Creating Land Trusts
One of the ways for local people to gain control over public lands are to set up land trusts. Land Trusts are local, regional, or statewide nonprofit conservation organizations directly involved in helping protect natural, scenic, recreational, agricultural, historic, or cultural property. Land trusts work to preserve open land that is important to the communities and regions where they operate. Land trusts respond rapidly to conservation needs and operate in cities, rural, and suburban areas. This site provides vital information for setting up a land trust, including: How a Land Trust Works • Land Trusts Increasing as Land Decreases • A Little History • Land Trusts in Action • Tools of the Trade - Land Purchase, Land Donations, Life Estates, Limited Development, Conservation Easements • Setting Up Your Own Land Trust • Organizations • Land Trust Alliance • The Trust for Public Land • Books and Brochures • Magazines • Training • Meetings • other.

Environmental Organizations
If you need outside expertise, this site contains links to environmental organizations involved in the following land issues: Arctic • Caves • Coastal Preservation • Countries • Deserts and Arid Lands • Dunes • Environmental Community Living • Erosion • Forestry • General Wilderness • Geology • Institutes • Mining • Mountains • Natural Resources • Prairies • States • Trusts and Funds • Wetlands.


Mineral Resources, Economics and the Environment
Mineral resources are the basis for modern industry. With the exception of agricultural and forest products, almost everything we use is dug or pumped from the ground. To be responsible stewards of the local mineral endowment, we need to know more about the geologic, engineering, economic and environmental factors that govern their production and use. Much of this information comes from government and organizations that have web sites. This site provides links to many of them.

This is the USGS link to mineral information. There are leads to: Office of Minerals Information • Geologic Information • Mineral Investigations Resource Maps (MR Series) • Mineral Resource and Environmental Investigations of the Elk Creek Carbonate • Mineral Resource Surveys • Geophysics • Geochemistry • Western Marine Mineral Studies.

USGS Mineral Resource Surveys Program
The Mineral Resource Surveys Program is responsible for providing and communicating current, unbiased information on the occurrence, quality, quantity, and availability of mineral resources. Pointers to What's New • Fact sheets • Organization • Contacts • Links to other mineral-related Web sites.


USGS Energy Resource Surveys Program Home Page
The USGS Energy Resource Surveys Program addresses national and global energy geoscience issues and conducts interdisciplinary research on energy systems. The program provides earth-science information and interpretations essential to build a framework for identification and assessment of economically stable and environmentally sound resources of petroleum, natural gas, and coal. The site describes the Program’s projects, shows energy activities by state and lists its publications, products and databases. (See also the Section on Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in the following section.)

The Big, Big List of Nuclear Related Links
This is a comprehensive list of nuclear related URLs. There are currently 254 URLs in the list.

Trees And Plants

The Tree of Life
The Tree of Life is a project that provides information about the phylogenetic relationships and characteristics of organisms, to illustrate the diversity and unity of living organisms, and to link biological information available on the Internet in the form of a phylogenetic navigator.

National Plants Database (PLANTS)
The Plants Database provides a single source of standardized information about plants. PLANTS provides standardized plant names, symbols and other plant attribute information. This standardized information permits scientists and other persons interested in plants across disciplines to freely exchange accurate plant-related information because they are all using the same plant names and symbols. From this page you can: • Find out more information about the PLANTS project and the people who cooperate to make it work • Access the PLANTS Database to request information • See plant photographs • Link to the USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center Home Page • Link to other USDA NRCS Plants Projects.

Plant Reference Databases
A major database on plants. Points to information on eco-systems, worldwide plant uses, Native American food and medicinal plants, plant chemicals, plant variety protection etc.

The Internet Directory of Biology
A mega-load of information for plant people. Links to: Arboreta and Botanical Gardens • Economic Botany • Ethnobotany • Images • Collections and Resource Guides • Other Resources • University Departments and Institutes • Botanical Societies • International Botanical Organizations • Botanical Museums • Herbaria • Natural History Museums • Vascular Plant Families • Checklists and Floras, Taxonomical Databases, Vegetation • Conservation and Threatened Plants • Images • Journals, Books, Literature Databases, Publishers • Listservers and Newsgroups • Lower Plants and Fungi • Software • and more.


Forestry Glossary
This is a “People’s Glossary of Ecosystem Management Terms”. From bark beetles to ZOIs, its all here.

International Forest Policy
This site gives you the United Nations deliberations on the world’s forests. Links to: The Intergovernmental Panel on Forests including IPF-3 (9-20 September, Geneva) • The DPCSD Division for Sustainable Development Gopher Page on the Intergovernmental Panel on Forests • Earth Negotiations Bulletin Coverapartments •[Europe] [North America] [Pacific] [Asia] • Non-Governmental Organizations • Commercial Organizations and Services.

Econet Resources for Forest activists
Over thirty sites of interest to activists, including: The Alaska Rainforest Campaign • Rainforest Action Network • Environmental Law Alliance Worldwide • Natural Resources Defense Council etc.


This is a good place to start if you like to observe wildlife. It contains lots of links to: Wildlife Spots • Books/Videos/Mags • Trips • Species Info • Regional Resources • Other Links • Clubs and more.

Wildlife Website Directory
There are a variety of sites on the Internet that are valuable sources of information for wildlife rehabilitators and those interested in wildlife. This directory groups them by subject to make for easy access: Animal Behavior • Birds • Education and Careers • Endangered Species Information • Environment and Conservation • Food and Nutrition • Living With Wildlife • Wildlife Problems • Major Link Sites • Non-Profit Information/Fundraising • Pictures • Species Information • Veterinary Information • Wildlife Agencies and Organizations • Wildlife Management • Wildlife Rehabilitation Organizations • Zoonoses (health information) • Other sites on the Internet (newsgroups and mailing lists).

The Wildlife Society Policy Information Network
This site contains the following resources: A list of The Wildlife Society's Policy Priorities for 1996 • The Latest Issue of The Wildlife Policy News, The Wildlife Society's bi-monthly newsletter covering late breaking events and information concerning wildlife policy. • The Wildlife Society's Wildlife Conservation Policy Statements. A complete synopsis of the Society's recommendations and policy stances on a broad range of wildlife and wildlife related topics. • Brief overviews of the Society's most recent white papers and • The Society's Wildlife Policy FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions). Topics include: • The Endangered Species Act • The Wildlife Diversity Initiative • The Farm Bill • Wetlands • Goshawk Management.

Fish and Wildlife Laws, Regulations, Policies and Congressional Information
This site also contains federal and state Wildlife Laws Handbooks.

US Fish and Wildlife Service
This is the site of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, a bureau within the Department of the Interior. Its mission is to conserve, protect, and enhance fish and wildlife and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. Its major responsibilities are: migratory birds, endangered species, certain marine mammals, freshwater and anadromous fish, the National Wildlife Refuge System, wetlands, conserving habitat, and environmental contaminants.

National Wildlife Refuge System
This site contains information on US wildlife refuges. Links to: What's New • Updates • Table of Contents • Index • Exhibits, Festivals, and Tours • Partnerships • Addresses • Server Statistics • Internet Resources for Natural Resources Management, Legislative Information and Search Tools and References.

Environmental organizations web directory
This site contains links to environmental organizations by the following categories:
Animals • Bats • Birds • Bears • Conservation • Dolphins • Ecology • Elephants • Environmental Community Living • Felines • Ferrets • Fishes • Foxes • Humans and Nature • General Endangered Species • General Hoofed Animals • General Marine Mammals • Institutes • Natural History Museums • Orca • Otters • Primates • Rhino • States • Tortoises • Trusts and Funds • US Fish and Wildlife Service • Waterfowl • Whales • Wild Dogs • Wildlife Art and Photography • Wildlife Rehabilitation • Wolves • Zoo.


How can the elements of wild nature -- its species, genetic traits, populations, habitats and ecosystems -- be maintained in landscapes that also need to produce material goods, environmental services, and the many cultural, aesthetic, and spiritual benefits that people everywhere want? The following sites provide resources to help answer this question.

Biodiversity Conservation Guidelines
This practical site offers information on the following: A Strategy for Biodiversity Conservation • Managing Biodiversity Throughout the Human Environment • Building Biodiversity Awareness in Primary and Secondary Schools • Information Required to Conserve Biological Diversity • Establishing Priorities for Conserving Biological Diversity • International Policies • National Policies • Local Action • Conserving Elements of Biodiversity • Expanding Human Capacity to Conserve • Enlisting New Partners for Conservation of Biological Diversity • Forest Policy Instruments • Number of Marine Protected Areas by Size Class

California Biodiversity Council
This site gives an example of how California formed local and national partnerships to address the issues of biodiversity.

A new NGO network to strengthen biodiversity policy and law.

Natural Hazards

Natural Hazards Center
What to do when Mother Nature is in a bad mood? The Natural Hazards Center, located at the University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA, is a national and international clearinghouse for information on natural hazards and human adjustments to hazards and disasters. The Natural Hazards Center has a variety of resources available from the Internet, including: Introduction to the Hazards Center, its Services, and its Staff • Issues of Disaster Research (DR) - their electronic newsletter • Issues of the Natural Hazards Observer - their printed newsletter • Quick Response Reports - brief papers presenting the results of quick response disaster research sponsored by the Natural Hazards Center • Other Centers and Institutes Focusing on Hazards and Disasters • Information Sources 1 - list of disaster-related organizations and other sources of hazards/disaster data • Information Sources 2 - list of disaster-related periodicals • Annotated list of colleges, universities and institutions offering emergency management courses • Hazards Center Publications • Other new publications • Recently Awarded Grants for Hazards/Disaster Research • Upcoming conferences, workshops and training • Selected Disaster Internet Sites.

Natural Disaster Links
Additional links to federal agencies and organizations dealing with: Earthquakes • Hurricanes • Floods • Fires • and Miscellaneous issues like insurance, disaster management, computer networks and the toxic substances and disease registry.

American Red Cross Community Disaster Education Materials
This site contains an extensive list of publications available from the American Red Cross to educate a community before and after a disaster strikes.

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